The Middle Creek WMA is located along the Lebanon-Lancaster County line about one mile south of Kleinfeltersville. It is an area set aside by the Pennsylvania Game Commission for the protection, propagation, management, preservation, and controlled harvest of wildlife. This area of slightly more than 5,000 acres is comprised of: a 1,700 acre oak-hickory forested ridge; a 400 acre shallow lake; 70 acres of potholes, ponds, and smaller impoundments; 1,300 acres of cultivated farmland; and several picnic areas. The remaining portions have been kept in an undisturbed condition.

There are several parking lots and a boat launch area which provide opportunities to view the large lake. Many of the potholes, ponds, and impoundments can be viewed from the roads that cross through or border the area. There are eight hiking trails of varying difficulty that provide access to the wooded areas. A Visitor Center is open to the public on Tuesday thru Sunday. It provides free nature displays, a contour model of the area, and a place to purchase Pennsylvania Game Commission publications.

The Hammer Creek Valley is a collection of waterways, pastures, and woodlands about five miles long and a quarter mile wide, an area with a variety of habitats easily acccessible to the motoring birder. The valley is dominated by the Pennsylvania Fish Commission's Speedwell Lake, a man-made impoundment a little over a mile long and an average of two hundred yards wide.

Although the main habitats of interest to birders are the lake and the Hammer Creek, the adjacent overgrown pastures and woodlands can also be productive. The pastures are in various stages of plant succession and therefore offer a variety of bird species. Some are grazed closely, but the majority have weeds, bushes, tangles and trees of varying sizes.

The Lancaster County Park system maintains a park along Hammer Creek. Access to the trails in this park is found at a small parking lot just to the north of the Speedwell Forge Road where it crosses Hammer Creek at the far end of the lake.

Bordered on the north by the Conewago Creek, on the east by Chickies Creek, and on the west and south by the Susquehanna River, this area forms the northwest corner of Lancaster County. Woodlands of oak, birch, maple, sycamore, and tulip poplar line the banks of the Susquehanna River and the streams throughout the area. The dominant trees covering the diabase ridge which parallels the northern edge of this section are oak and locust. Upland habitats consist mainly of farmlands and a small number of farm ponds and woodlots.

The major birding areas in this section of the county are: the Susquehanna River Access Points, the Conewago Trail, and the open farmland with its ponds and small woodlots. This part of the river and the Elizabethtown-Mount Joy area offer a wide variety of birding habitats representative of Lancaster County.

The Furnace Hills lie along US 322 between PA 501 and PA 72 in the northern part of the county. Secondary deciduous woods, some of which are state gamelands, spread over much of the area. There are a few farms and residential areas interspersed. The two areas for best birding opportunities are: the State Gamelands 156 and Pumping Station Road, and the Seglock Run area.

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